First edition of the first study to foreground, in a systematic way, the cultural barriers women face in pursuing careers in science.
WOMAN IN SCIENCE
"A proper understanding of the subject seems to require some preliminary survey of the many and diverse obstacles which, in every age of the world's history, have opposed woman's advancement in general knowledge. Without such preliminary survey it is impossible to realize the intensity of her age-long struggle for freedom and justice in things of the mind."
Feminist historiography of science first gained momentum with Giles Ménage's HISTORY OF WOMEN PHILOSOPHERS (1690), which unearthed the names of scores of distinguished women philosophers and scientists, most from the ancient world. This biographical "recovery" approach would remain the standard for centuries, culminating in the late nineteenth century with the publication of Alphonse Rebière's LES FEMMES DANS LA SCIENCE (1894) and Elise Oelsner's LEISTUNGEN DER DEUTSCHEN FRAU (1894). These encyclopedic works were dismissed by scientists like Charles Darwin, however, who remarked: "If two lists were made of the most eminent men and women in... science, and philosophy, with half-a-dozen names under each subject, the two lists would not bear comparison." (quoted in Schiebinger). In response, Mozans de-emphasizes name checking, foregrounding instead environmental factors: the cultural biases and hardships that all women scientists have had to overcome in order to pursue their work. Mozans organizes his study by field, offering separate chapters on mathematics, astronomy, physics, chemistry, and the natural sciences, among others. The achievements of individual scientists, from Hypatia to Caroline Herschel, Laura Bassi to Marie Curie, underscore his central thesis that women have equal promise if granted equal access to opportunities.
Read more; Schiebinger, Has Feminism Changed Science?
New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1913. Full title: Woman in science. With an introductory chapter on woman's long struggle for things of the mind. 8'' x 5.25''. Original full blue ribbed cloth, central vignette stamped in blind on front board, spine and front board lettered in gilt, top edge gilt, fore-edge machine deckle. Frontispiece illustration of Aspasia's Salon, errata slip tipped in at half-title. xv, 452,  pages. Owner signatures to front free endpaper and dedication page, the latter dated 1914. Spine gilt faded.
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